One way that People First members helped to win this victory was by acting as what lawyers call "next friends" for People First members who live in institutions. A "next friend" is somebody who gets a U.S. federal judge's attention for people who need the judge to protect their rights but cannot speak for themselves and have no family willing or able to speak up for them.
On December 14, 1996, People First members and advisors met at the state People First office to talk about what they had learned about reaching out and being friends to people who still live in institutions. They did this for three reasons:
For five years, Deborah's sister (her legal guardian) had opposed any contact
between her and People First. This time, armed with a federal court decision, I
had been determined to visit. When I first arrived, Deborah and I moved into the
dining room to talk. I wrote questions on a tablet because she has trouble
hearing. I asked her how she like her job at the workshop in town. She started
telling me about problems with her paycheck and described the types of contract
work she did.
Less than five minutes into this quiet exchange we were interrupted by three
staff members in quick succession, each challenging my visit. With each
challenge, I explained the court's decision. After the third challenge I was
invited to see the supervisor who was anxiously packing up to go home, it being
a state holiday and all. The supervisor in turn had me talk on the phone to the
administrator on duty, who realizing the legitimacy of my request, passed
approval back down the chain of command.
However, by the time we had resolved the dispute, Deborah had also gotten the
"message" and had withdrawn back into herself. So, on Good Friday I watched as
she sat in her wheelchair talking to a small Teddy bear she clutched in her
hand. "Don't worry, Cassandra," Deborah said to the bear, "I'll make sure you
got some Easter eggs. We'll look for some in the parking lot. There might be
some in the parking lot. Don't worry..."
I wrote Deborah another note as I prepared to leave. I thanked her for taking
time to talk to me and wished her a Happy Easter. She took the note and read it.
She shook her head slowly and then set it gently on the table beside her. Not
knowing anything else I could do, I picked up my backpack and headed out to meet
I walked across the grounds in the brisk spring air filled with anger and frustration. Three years after a major court ruling against the institution, little had changed. I visited six people that day, all of whom were still living out their lives on an island of isolation and hopelessness.
Many years have come and gone since I've been in this place
waiting for an opening to join the human race,
three square meals are not enough to feed my lonely soul--
won't you give me one more chance to be made whole?
The days go by, each one's the same, no end to it in sight,
I try to keep my dignity and go on with the fight
to gain my liberation from this cold and heartless state--
can't you tell it's getting hard for me to wait?
I hear about the outside world and its opportunities,
I hear the whistle blowing for others just like me--
it's my turn now to get on board--I'm never looking back,
that freedom train is rolling down the track.
Get on board that Clover Bottom Freedom Train!
Get on board that Clover Bottom Freedom Train!
--Ruthie-Marie Beckwith, December 22, 1995
Sometimes the institution even separates people inside the institution who are friends from each other. Many people have lost contact with their families because the institution makes it hard for them to stay in touch. When we do get to be with people, the institution still tries to be in control. They try to tell us when we can see our friends and for how long (even during free time). They try to tell us where we can see our friends. They say they have to be present because if they are not we will confuse, or upset, or manipulate our friends.
Staff who bring people to People First meetings sometimes try to keep the wall around the people right at the meeting by:
One of the best ways the institution has of trying to control people is to just ignore them. Some of us have made call after call to set ways for our friends to join People First meetings. The institution just doesn't call back. If they do call back, they say they can't do anything now but they'll call back later and then they don't call back later. If they do agree to do something, they just don't do it and then don't call back when you want to ask why they didn't do what they said they would.
Another way the institution controls people is to lie about what happens to people. A People First member got bruises from the way staff handled her; other members saw the bruises and heard how it happened. But the staff said it didn't happen. All the way up the line supervisors said it didn't happen. We have even heard staff people lie about things we know happened when they are under oath to tell the truth. When the institution won't even admit that there is a problem, it is very hard to work on a solution.
Mostly, the people who keep the walls up stay pretty cool and act like they are just doing their job. But sometimes the wallkeepers get really angry at us right out loud and say things like:
Often it is people's family members who say things like this to us. We think this is because the institution wants to turn people who care about the people inside the walls against each other. We don't want to hurt anybody, we just want to be sure that people get what they deserve.
Sometimes a staff person just will not let us see our friends and will not be moved. It's a good idea to let the People First office know about this. It may be something that can be settled with the institution. It may even be something that will need to be settled by the judge.
The institution walls are so strong because:
It is good to know what makes the institution strong. When we know what makes the institution walls strong, we can do a better job of tearing them down. Everybody needs friends who will work together to tear down the walls.
For a complete copy of the booklet, A Chance to be Made Whole: People
First Members Being Friends to Tear Down Institution Walls, write to:
Rachael Zubal, Center on Human Policy, Syracuse University, 805 South Crouse
Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13244-2280.
The preparation of this article was supported in part by the National
Resource Center on Community Integration, Center on Human Policy, School of
Education, Syracuse University, through the U.S. Department of Education, Office
of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, National Institute on
Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), through Contract No. H133D50037.
No endorsement by the U.S. Department of Education should be inferred.